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Answers from vets about your dog:

Does a Dry Nose Equal A Sick Dog?

Posted June 09, 2014 in Dog Diseases & Conditions A-Z

As a veterinarian, I always trust pet owners’ intuition when they suspect that something is wrong with their dog. I’ve seen some owners bring in their dog to say, “Something’s wrong with him,” even though the physical examination may be totally normal. Once blood work is done, it turns out they were right and we’re able to pick up on some early stages of disease (e.g., protein-losing nephropathy, Lyme disease, or even cancer)! So, as a pet owner, I want you to trust your gut instinct when it comes to picking up on subtle signs of abnormalities in your dog.

After all, you live with your dog and can pick up on potential early signs ofDog nose disease or medical problems.

My dog’s nose feels to wet or too dry
That said, in the emergency room, I often hear, “His nose was dry, so I knew something was wrong.” Kudos to you for observing your dog carefully, but actually, in general, Fido’s nose is not an indicator of how sick or healthy he is.

Check out your dog’s nose right now. You may notice it fluctuates between slightly drier to a more soft, moist nose depending on the day, weather, and humidity. A dog’s nose usually feels wet due to the lateral nasal glands and the nasal vestibular glands producing secretions that keep it moist. There is, however, no direct correlation between the health of your pet and their sniffer (for the most part).

When could my dog’s nose indicate a health issue?
If you notice that your dog’s nose is excessively thickened, cracked, or bleeding, then that does mean something may be wrong. Some underlying skin diseases or immune diseases such as pemphigus (more commonly seen in breeds like Collies) or lupus can present this way. The difference will be very obvious.

What nose symptoms warrant a trip to the veterinarian?

  • Bleeding from the nose
  • Green colored discharge from the nose
  • Excessive thickening or cracking of the nose
  • Any lumps, bumps, or masses near the nose
  • Any asymmetry of the nose or nasal cavity (area over the bridge of the nose)
  • Itching, scratching or rubbing of the nose on the carpet

These signs may indicate underlying problems, such as:

  • A clotting abnormality (e.g., mouse or rat poisoning)
  • A platelet problem such as immune-mediated thrombocytopenia (ITP)
  • Aspiration pneumonia or pneumonitis
  • Pemphigus foliaceus
  • Nasal adenocarcinoma or other types of
Related symptoms: 

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Justine has more than 18 years of experience in the veterinary industry and is a board-certified emergency critical care veterinary specialist and toxicologist as well as the CEO and founder of Vetgirl. She is also a founding member of IDEXX’s Pet Health Network team.