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Can Ebola Spread to Dogs and Cats? First US Case Heightens Concerns

Posted October 01, 2014 in A Vet's Life

The often fatal Ebola virus has been getting so much attention lately as a number of healthcare professionals from the United States, working in Africa, have become infected with the virus. Since this virus is thought to have originated from animals, the question on many a pet lover’s mind is, "Can Ebola infect our family pets?" This too, has received much attention of late, so we here at Pet Health Network want to clarify the facts.

What is Ebola?“Ebola
The Ebola virus itself, which is believed to have originated in Central Africa, probably started in birds, bats or primates but the current main reservoir of the Ebola virus is most likely the African Fruit Bat (and remember, bats are mammals!)1. The virus has also been found in many other animals such as pigs, antelopes, porcupines, rodents, and even dogs!  To date, the virus has not been found in any wild felids in Africa, so at this time, it’s thought that cats are probably immune. Primates, like gorillas, chimpanzees, monkeys and of course, humans seem to suffer the most adverse effects of the disease1

How can Ebola spread?
Ebola is considered a zoonotic disease (an animal infection which can spread to other animals and to people). Transmission and spread in animals is usually from eating the meat of an infected animal. In humans and animals Ebola can also spread from body fluids such as urine, feces, saliva, vomit, and blood2.

[Editor’s Update: According to the CDC, “In the current West African epidemic, animals have not been found to be a factor in ongoing Ebola transmission.” Additionally, “There have been no reports of dogs or cats becoming sick with Ebola or of being able to spread Ebola to people or animals.” Monkeys, however, are at risk and can spread the disease.]

Should I be worried about my pets getting Ebola?
So here’s the good news (you’ve been waiting for): Yes, the Ebola virus can spread, and has been found in dogs, but to date, according to the Centers for Disease Control, infected dogs remain asymptomatic; they may be able to harbor the virus, but are not affected by it. Dogs can, however, especially in the early stages of their infection, potentially spread the disease to humans via bodily fluids2. Once the dog’s immune system clears the virus, the dog is no longer

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Jeff has more than 30 years of experience in the veterinary industry and is a licensed veterinarian as well as a founding member of IDEXX’s Pet Health Network team.

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The opinions and views expressed in this post are those of the author's and do not necessarily represent the beliefs, policies or positions of all veterinarians, Pet Health Network, IDEXX Laboratories, Inc. or its affiliates and partner companies.