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Top 10 Breed-specific Conditions That Could Mean Surgery for Your Dog

Posted April 09, 2015 in Dog Diseases & Conditions A-Z

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Dr. Phil Zeltzman is a traveling, board-certified surgeon in Allentown, PA. His website is He is the co-author of “Walk a Hound, Lose a Pound” (

Kelly Serfas, a Certified Veterinary Technician in Bethlehem, PA, contributed to this article.

Many dog breeds are at risk for specific health conditions. If you own a purebred dog, or if you are considering acquiring one, it is important for you to understand what your dog might be at risk for. From experience, I'd say that only half of my clients are aware of the conditions that most commonly affect their dogs. Here is a summary of 10 conditions that are common in 10 different canine breeds.

Labradors and ACL tears
Labradors are energetic and playful. They are also the most common breed to tear their ACL (anterior cruciate ligament). When this ligament tears, it causes limping and pain, and needs to be repaired with surgery.

Golden Retrievers and cancer
Golden Retrievers are prone to multiple cancers, including tumors of the spleen (for example hemangiosarcoma) or lymph nodes (lymphoma). Lymphoma typically responds very well to chemotherapy. Tumors of the spleen are treated by surgically removing the spleen, followed by chemo if possible. The risk of allowing a mass in the spleen to grow is that it can burst and cause massive internal bleeding.

Bulldogs and narrow nasal passages
Dogs with a flat face (Bulldogs, Pugs, Boston Terriers, etc.) have a condition called brachiocephalic syndrome. This is due to the shape of their heads. These dogs have an entirely differently shaped skull than others and their inside structures are literally smooshed! This means their nasal passages are both thicker and narrower.

The familiar snore of these breeds, really, is not supposed to be a "cute characteristic of the breed," but a breeding flaw and a medical condition that can be important to fix. Try to imagine breathing through a straw, or a constant head cold that makes you breathe through one nostril or not through your nose at all. If your brachiocephalic breed is snoring loudly, you should talk with your veterinarian.

Dalmatians and bladder stones
Dalmatians have a genetic deficiency that can lead to bladder stones. If one or several stones travel out of the bladder and get stuck in the urethra, they prevent the dog from urinating. This is an emergency situation which requires bladder surgery. To prevent this risk, Dalmatians should only be fed a special food.

Dachshunds and slipped discs
Dachshunds have a genetic predisposition for slipped discs. Their risk is about 10 times higher than other dog breeds! A severe disc hernia can lead to paralysis. An MRI can be performed to confirm the problem. Treatment involves surgery followed by faithful physical therapy.

Great Danes and GDV
Great Danes, in part because of their “deep chest,” are at a high risk for a life-threatening condition called bloat or "GDV" (Gastric dilatation volvulus). The stomach becomes full of air and twists around itself. Affected Great Danes require emergency surgery to untwist the stomach and “tack” it in place to prevent a relapse. A smart way to prevent emergency surgery is to tack the stomach before the crisis occurs, ideally during puppyhood.

Boxers and mast cell tumors
Boxers have a common skin tumor called a mast cell tumor. These tumors need to be surgically removed because they can be cancerous and spread to other organs. Mast cells are just normal cells that are loaded with chemicals. Mast cell tumors can release the chemicals which can, for example, cause stomach ulcers. It is important not to squeeze mast cell tumors because that will make them release the chemicals.

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Dr. Phil Zeltzman is a board-certified veterinary surgeon and author. His traveling practice takes him all over Eastern Pennsylvania and Western New Jersey. You can visit his website at, and follow him at